St. Catherine’s Monastery is an Orthodox monastery at the foot of Mount Sinai in Egypt. It is considered as One of the oldest Christian monasteries in the world. St. Catherine’s incorporates the burning bush seen by Moses and contains many valuable icons. Above the monastery is Mount Sinai where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. This area therefore is sacred to three world monothist religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
The monastery’s actual name is the Monastery of the Transfiguration, but it later became associated with St. Catherine of Alexandria. St. Catherine was a martyr whose head and hand were brought here for safe keeping in the 10th century.
Mount Sinai is also revered by Muslims as Jebel Musa (Mount Moses), the place where God handed down his Law. In 623, a document signed by the Prophet Muhammad himself, the Actiname (Holy Testament), exempted the Christian monks of St. Catherine’s from the usual taxes and military service and commanded that Muslims provide the community with every help.